Standard Competency :
- To comprehend and express the meaning of short functional and simple monolog essay texts in the form of recount text, narrative, and procedure that have contextual in habitual activities to access knowledge
Basic Competency :
- To respond and express the meaning within simple monolog texts that uses the variety of writing accurately, fluently, and used in habitual activities to accesss knowledge in recount text
- Using Simple present tense in positive, negative and interrogative sentences
- Using Simple present tense in verbal and non verbal sentences
- Using the simple present tense In making recipes or procedures
How do we make the Simple Present Tense?
|subject||+||auxiliary verb||+||main verb|
There are three important exceptions:
- For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary.
- For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary.
- For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.
Look at these examples with the main verb like:
|subject||auxiliary verb||main verb|
|+||I, you, we, they||like||coffee.|
|He, she, it||likes||coffee.|
|–||I, you, we, they||do||not||like||coffee.|
|He, she, it||does||not||like||coffee.|
|?||Do||I, you, we, they||like||coffee?|
|Does||he, she, it||like||coffee?|
Look at these examples with the main verb be. Notice that there is no auxiliary:
|You, we, they||are||French.|
|He, she, it||is||French.|
|You, we, they||are||not||old.|
|He, she, it||is||not||old.|
|Are||you, we, they||late?|
|Is||he, she, it||late?|
How do we use the Simple Present Tense?
We use the simple present tense when:
- the action is general
- the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future
- the action is not only happening now
- the statement is always true
|John drives a taxi.|
|It is John’s job to drive a taxi. He does it every day. Past, present and future.|
Look at these examples:
- I live in New York.
- The Moon goes round the Earth.
- John drives a taxi.
- He does not drive a bus.
- We do not work at night.
- Do you play football?
Note that with the verb to be, we can also use the simple present tense for situations that are not general. We can use the simple present tense to talk about now. Look at these examples of the verb “to be” in the simple present tense – some of them are general, some of them are now:
|Am I right?
Tara is not at home.
You are happy.
|The situation is now.|
|I am not fat.
Why are you so beautiful?
Ram is tall.
|The situation is general. Past, present and future.|
The simple present is used:
- to express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes:
I smoke (habit); I work in London (unchanging situation); London is a large city (general truth)
- to give instructions or directions:
You walk for two hundred meters, then you turn left.
- to express fixed arrangements, present or future:
Your exam starts at 09.00
- For habits
He drinks tea at breakfast.
She only eats fish.
- For repeated actions or events
We catch the bus every morning.
It rains every afternoon in the hot season.
They drive to Monaco every summer.
- For general truths
The Earth revolves around the Sun.
- For instructions or directions
Open the packet and pour the contents into hot water.
You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford.
- For fixed arrangements
His mother arrives tomorrow.
Our holiday starts on the 26th March
Adverb of Time
A. VERBAL SENTENCE
S +V1(-s/-es) +Object
S+ do/does+ not+ V1+ object
Do/does+ S+ V1+ Object?
1. Verbs ending in –y: the third person changes the –y to –ies :
fly → flies, cry → cries
Exception: if there is a vowel before the –y :
play → plays, pray → prays
- Add –es to verbs ending in: -ss, -x, -sh, -ch :
he passes, she catches, he fixes, it pushes
B. NON VERBAL SENTENCE
S+ to be(am/is/are)+ noun/adjective/adverb
S+ to be+ not+ noun/adjective/adverb
To be+ S+ noun/adjective/adverb
|I am a student||Am I a student?||I am not a student|
|You are clever||Are you clever?||You are not clever|
|We are teachers||Are we teachers?||We are not teachers|
|They are in library||Are they in library?||They are not in library|
|He is diligent||Is he diligent?||He is not diligent|
|She is a beautiful girl||Is she a beautiful girl?||She is not a beautiful girl|
|It is a cat||Is it a cat?||It is not a cat|
Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.
- I play tennis.
- She does not play tennis.
- Does he play tennis?
- The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
- The train does not leave at 9 AM.
- When does the train usually leave?
- She always forgets her purse.
- He never forgets his wallet.
- Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun.
- Does the Sun circle the Earth?