Definition

A narrative text is an account of events.

ex: picture

Basic Competency:

To understand meaning nuance within transactional text that contains narrative text

Indicators:

  • Identifying the definition of narrative text
  • identifying the generic structures of narrative text
    • Using past tense

NARRATIVE  TEXT

The generic structures of the text:

Orientation : It sets the scene and introduces the participants (it answers the questions; Who, What, When and Where)

Complication: A crisis or a problem arises. It usually involves the main characters.

Resolution: A solution to the problem (for better or worse). Main characters find a way to solve the problem.

NARRATIVE  TEXT

Other generic structures of the text:

Evaluation: (optional) a step back to evaluate the plight (the narrator’s viewpoint)

Coda: (optional)Changes of the characters or lesson/value of the story

Re-orientation: (optional)

  • Kinds of narrative text:
  • A myth
  • A legend
  • Fable
  • A folklore

Purpose (social function) :

To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. The characteristic of the text is marked by conflict and resolution.

Let’s follow the Structure of the text bellow :

Title

Orientation

Evaluation

Complication

Revolution

Reorientation

*Orientation

It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced.

*Complication

Where the problem in the story developed

*Resolution

Where the problem in the story is solved.